Consultation, consult – Shura – شورى,
Allah lists qualities of believers, and one of those qualities are those who practice shura, engage in consultation. Some refer to the association of believers with shura with the companions of the Prophet (pbuh) with shura. In their matters they people who would consult with one another.
Allah commands the Prophet (pbuh) to consult with his companions and those around him.
We’re not receiving any wahy, we are in more need of consultations with relevant people than the Prophet (pbuh).
We need to consult those of knowledge, experience and those we trust.
Surah Ash-Shura, Verses 36 – 39 :
فَمَا أُوتِيتُم مِّن شَيْءٍ فَمَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَمَا عِندَ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ
وَالَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الْإِثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ وَإِذَا مَا غَضِبُوا هُمْ يَغْفِرُونَ
وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ
وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَهُمُ الْبَغْيُ هُمْ يَنتَصِرُونَ
‘Far better and more lasting is what God will give those who believe and trust in their Lord;
Who shun great sins and gross indecencies; who forgive when they are angry;
Respond to their Lord; keep up the prayer; conduct their affairs by mutual consultation; give to others out of what We have provided for them;
And defend themselves when they are oppressed’
[M.A.S Abdel Haleem]
Istishara – consulting with people and asking their advice, someone might look at the issue from another angle or from previous experience. If the Prophet (pbuh) did it and Allah commanded him to seek counsel, who are we not to?
Believing men consult your wife, your parents, your children, your respected elders and your companions.
Believing women consult your husband, your parents, your children, your respected elders and your companions.
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